A statistical analysis of all published data on what actually happens to workers during the day, by the Yale School of Management, contradicts the widely-held idea that (only) people who work in the morning naturally rise to the top — and those working in the afternoon bottoms out. The scientists, Caleb Barlow and Russell Johnson, work at the Yale School of Management, and used job descriptions, self-reports, and employment data collected from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979 and 2012 to assess how day and evening workers fared in various aspects of their job. The issue of conflicting expectations is something most of us deal with on a daily basis. Is it really a better day if you have to climb into your boss’s office, at 5:30 a.m., or do you just putter off from there? The scientists are more interested in understanding the dynamics of how the job interacts with people’s lives, too, and by doing so suggest that “time and scheduling flexibility is key to keeping positive relationships with one’s coworkers, increasing productivity, and improving effectiveness.” Despite all of that, they say that “often, formal organizational policies and practices don’t provide anything like flexibility for coworker relationships.”

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