Now that California has its primary election on Tuesday, we can look back at the New Hampshire primary and New Hampshire politics for a whole year.

Here are five takeaways from the Democratic and Republican primaries.

1. The hype of San Antonio Sen. Ted Cruz, a charismatic first-term senator, was short-lived. After winning the Iowa caucuses on Feb. 1, Cruz was relegated to the third slot by the surging Minnesota Rep. Keith Ellison in New Hampshire.

Nowhere was this perhaps truer than in Iowa, where Cruz's personal brand and anti-establishment appeal did not translate into support on election day. He barely earned more than 1% of the vote in 2016's caucus.

Cruz focused on the early states to build momentum, but his Iowa win did not translate into a network of support. Cruz never made a serious play in New Hampshire's large Republican Jewish community and failed to ignite in the state, which more often votes for conservatives than liberals.

2. Bernie Sanders took a strong second place. It was his ninth-place finish in South Carolina four years ago, his only previous presidential bid, that first propelled him into political prominence. The Vermont senator's makeover from a left-wing, self-described democratic socialist to a centrist politician that is more aligned with the president's populist agenda helped him surge late in the New Hampshire primary. Sanders has long pledged to avoid negative campaigning and, thankfully, showed he was serious when he stated he would not run negative ads against Clinton. His response to the FBI's handling of the 2016 Clinton email scandal also brought those who doubted his ability to win to his defense.