LONDON (Reuters) - The trading of cattle between two parts of Scotland is to be regulated after new climate change measures were agreed in Scotland on Friday that also see stricter restrictions placed on plastic items such as straws.
Scotland’s Environment Secretary Michael Matheson said in a speech at a regional environment conference that the measures were intended to meet Britain’s goal of keeping average temperature rises to 1.5 degrees Celsius.
“We are not, of course, going to be able to freeze our way to a cooler climate, but one of the things that will help is to reduce our impact,” Matheson said.
The measures were agreed at a meeting of the Scottish executive and the beef and sheep farming industry in Aberdeen.
The water at Scottish farms must be kept at 56.5 centimetres (18 inches) above average and 12.2 meters above urban areas and is to be preserved for at least three years.
Straws, which were already banned from some Scottish sources of fresh meat as of September, will no longer be allowed to be used and cannot be brought into Scotland from outside the UK.
The industry will also be encouraged to reduce the use of chicken feathers and sheep faeces, which include methane gas, and the use of both wheat straw and charcoal in the production of animal feed.
Straw is responsible for 5.6 grams of carbon dioxide emissions per kg of animal product, according to Scottish Environment Minister Mike Russell, compared with an estimated 6 grams from fodder derived from corn, straw and wheat.
The Scottish government had a partnership with industry last year to develop new technology to make finer barley straw that would be significantly less carbon intensive.