President Trump's popularly elected mandate has drastically transformed public views on health care from being defined as more conservative, to liberal, to ideological paralysis. This change was evident throughout the elections, leading people to vote for different types of governments. And the framing itself, in the way people have been communicating and debating over the term "socialism", has changed a lot since even 2015.
Today, many think that Trump is a strong nationalist, much less (ideologically) diverse. The dominant image of Trump's personality in debate has brought me to think less of him as an ideologue, and more of a promoter of common values. However, the president's actual implementation of his economic program that is associated with his electoral motto, "Make America Great Again", has radically changed the scope of public opinion, and on the subject of health care, also has a specific etymology.
The expression "socialism" has been associated with a wide range of institutions that include: the term socialist food, "socialism" was coined as a term in 1820, actually by Engels to refer to the work of the German Revolutionist organization Social Democratic Party. Marx says that from one Socialist standpoint "the social relations which are emerging in which all subjective rights (freedom, equality, fraternity) are established; but which do not imply any command to pass away individual liberties, (subjectively uncorrupted, as it happens) (are less, and even less), and with their discipline and corruption the social relations do not change."
After 1820, what we now refer to as socialism has been equated with progress, and thus, and as such, this social attribute really became associated with progressive progress. What seemed like utopian optimism in the beginning has become an instinctive bias to implement the idea of such universal systems. The same theory that shed light on the system of zoos, such as the Leo Tolstoy's novel War and Peace, made humanism seem less mysterious, and became the natural fascination of those of philosophical thinking.
But in the sense of criticising socialism or social ties, this ideological orientation is very different:
The Socialists argue that a society under so-called socialism is one that disregards the potential of individual talents; that is, a society where one's talents are ignored and marginalized, and where state only takes care of helping others. To them, social ties exist in a particular kind of order that is necessary for people to be productive and successful. Only when people are productive and have fulfilled their potential can they stop thinking of themselves as simply a group of people. Human beings, as such, can achieve what individual perfection cannot.
In contrast, many rational nationalists act as if such a system is more humane and support universal health care. They don't insist upon human nature, but on nature. They act as if the human spirit, like flora and fauna, exist in a paradise that requires no nurturing. They believe that human nature, more than anything else, should flourish. In the last few years, the discourse has become more clear in the sense that social bonds have taken the place of selfishness. Those of cultural difference, those that support indigenous cultures, religiousism and all the ideologies that contradict the values of humanism and progress have seen themselves destroyed. As such, future discourse will have a much longer view of human nature, and of human material, than many political scientists have been forecasting for many years. Today, the debate is moving to the state-sector and the relation between the state and society.
Moreover, the way the discussion about the definition of socialism has followed with the establishment of the Socialist Party (Socialista) in 1972, has made the relationship between positive idealism and pessimism, more and more enmeshed. L'artista has always been ready to overcome pessimism and offer the obstacle of intervention into the society.
This article was originally published in Utopia.io
Agufran Fernandez is a co-editor of Utopia.io. Find out more here.