Most commonly transmitted through contact with infected rats or birds

Tests have revealed that cases of coronavirus remain low in Japan, despite the fact that it has been found across the Pacific.

Historically, six Japanese people have died from the disease, and about 45,000 have been infected, but it is not thought to be a frequent problem in the region. A majority of cases were reported in the United Arab Emirates in 2002, 2003 and 2006.

A new H1N1 coronavirus, or H1N1, discovered in February 2014, was the first serious new strain of the virus. A new strain, dubbed 2018A, was first found in Spain in June, and in July, researchers revealed a further three newly-found strains: 2018B, 2018C and 2018D. By November 2018, scientists had identified the virus as a new, separate virus from the original 2014 strain. They had also identified nearly 150 different countries and regions it could be contracted in.

The world is still learning about the coronavirus. So far, the chances of catching it directly from the body are very slim, except for travellers who are having a close contact with someone infected in a country with an outbreak of the disease. In 2018A, the most common way it was transmitted was from contact with infected animals. There was a lack of evidence for such transmission in 2018B and 2018C, or any other case so far. And 2016 was the first year that none of the new coronaviruses mutated, suggesting the virus is stable.

However, scientists are working to increase the number of cases. Research into the virus’ characteristics and the chances of contracting it has found the likelihood of contracting it directly from an infected person to be highly low.

This global alert level currently sits at “high”.